The following list contains a number of international privacy related laws by country and region. Wherever possible, these hyperlinks reference an English translation of the law.
- Argentina: Personal Data Protection Act of 2000 (aka Habeas Data)
- Austria: Data Protection Act 2000, Austrian Federal Law Gazette part I No. 165/1999 (Datenschutzgesetz 2000 or DSG 2000).
- Australia: Privacy Act of 1988
- Belgium: Belgium Data Protection Law and Belgian Data Privacy Commission Privacy Blog
- Brazil: Privacy currently governed by Article 5 of the 1988 Constitution.
- Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Personal Data Protection Act, was adopted on December 21, 2001 and entered into force on January 1, 2002. More information at theBugarian Data Protection Authority
- Canada: The Privacy Act - July 1983 Personal Information Protection and Electronic Data Act (PIPEDA) of 2000 (Bill C-6)
- Chile: Act on the Protection of Personal Data, August 1998
- Colombia: Two laws affecting data privacy - Law 1266 of 2008: (in Spanish) and Law 1273 of 2009 (in Spanish) Also, the constitution provides any person the right to update their personal information
- Czech Republic: Act on Protection of Personal Data (April 2000) No. 101
- Denmark: Act on Processing of Personal Data, Act No. 429, May 2000.
- Estonia: Personal Data Protection Act of 2003. June 1996, Consolidated July 2002.
- European Union: European Union Data Protection Directive of 1998 EU Internet Privacy Law of 2002 (DIRECTIVE 2002/58/EC)
- Finland: Act on the Amendment of the Personal Data Act (986) 2000.
- France: Data Protection Act of 1978 (revised in 2004)
- Germany: Federal Data Protection Act of 2001
- Greece: Law No.2472 on the Protection of Individuals with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data, April 1997.
- Guernsey: Data Protection (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law of 2001
- Hong Kong: Personal Data Ordinance (The "Ordinance")
- Hungary: Act LXIII of 1992 on the Protection of Personal Data and the Publicity of Data of Public Interests (excerpts in English).
- Iceland: Act of Protection of Individual; Processing Personal Data (Jan 2000)
- Ireland: Data Protection (Amendment) Act, Number 6 of 2003
- India: Information Technology Act of 2000
- Italy: Data Protection Code of 2003 Processing of Personal Data Act, January 1997
- Japan: Personal Information Protection Law (Act) (Official English Translation) Law Summary from Jonesday Publishing
- Korea - Act on Personal Information Protection of Public Agencies Act on Information and Communication Network Usage
- Latvia: Personal Data Protection Law, March 23, 2000.
- Lithuania: Law on Legal Protection of Personal Data (June 1996)
- Luxembourg: Law of 2 August 2002 on the Protection of Persons with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data.
- Malaysia - Common Law principle of confidentiality Personal data Protection Bill(Not finalized) Banking and Financial Institutions Act of 1989 privacy provisions.
- Malta: Data Protection Act (Act XXVI of 2001), Amended March 22, 2002, November 15, 2002 and July 15, 2003
- Mexico: Federal Law for the Protection of Personal Data Possessed by Private Persons (Spanish) - The regulations deal with data subjects' rights, security and breach notification provisions, cloud computing, consent and notice requirements, and data transfers. Good summary of the law in English at the IT Law Group
- Morocco: Data Protection Act
- Netherlands: Dutch Personal Data Protection Act 2000 as amended by Acts dated 5 April 2001, Bulletin of Acts, Orders and Decrees 180, 6 December 2001
- New Zealand: Privacy Act, May 1993; Privacy Amendment Act, 1993; Privacy Amendment Act, 1994
- Norway: Personal Data Act (April 2000) - Act of 14 April 2000 No. 31 Relating to the Processing of Personal Data (Personal Data Act)
- Philippines: DATA PRIVACY ACT OF 2011 There is also a recognized right of privacy in civil law and a model data protection code.
- Romania: Law No. 677/2001 for the Protection of Persons concerning the Processing of Personal Data and the Free Circulation of Such Data
- Poland: Act of the Protection of Personal Data (August 1997)
- Portugal: Act on the Protection of Personal Data (Law 67/98 of 26 October)
- Singapore - The E-commerce Code for the Protection of Personal Information and Communications of Consumers of Internet Commerce. Other related Singapore Laws and E-commerce Laws .
- Slovak Republic: Act No. 428 of 3 July 2002 on Personal Data Protection.
- Slovenia: Personal Data Protection Act , RS No. 55/99.
- South Africa: Electronic Communications and Transactions Act, 2002
- South Korea: The Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Data Protection of 2000
- Spain: ORGANIC LAW 15/1999 of 13 December on the Protection of Personal Data
- Switzerland: The Federal Law on Data Protection of 1992
- Sweden: Personal Data Protection Act (1998:204), October 24, 1998
- Taiwan: Computer Processed Personal data Protection Law - applies only to public institutions. (English Translation)
- Thailand: Official Information Act, B.E. 2540 (1997) for state agencies. ( Personal data Protection bill under consideration.)
- United Kingdom: UK Data Protection Act 1998 Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 official text, and a consumer oriented site at the Information Commissioner's Office.
- United States: U.S. Privacy Laws.
- Vietnam: The Law on Electronic Transactions 2008
Upgrading the Ubiquiti Network Video Recorder (NVR) operating system (Debian) and AirVision recording controller can be a fairly daunting task I've you are unfamiliar with the Debian command line interface (CLI) and/or Linux distrobutions in general. In addition, Ubiquiti doesn't provide a GUI based upgrade option for older NVR software versions (e.g. 2.x) and no upgrade capability for the OS.
This simple outline should help you get the job done.
1. Open a shell session to the NVR appliance:
ssh root@(IP Address)
2. Enter the following commands to upgrade your NVR's Debian OS:
#apt-get update ; apt-get upgrade -y ; apt-get dist-upgrade -y ; apt-get autoremove -y ; apt-get autoclean ; apt-get clean
3. Once complete reboot the NVR:
apt-get update retrieves a new list of software packages from the Debian repository
apt-get upgrade -y downloads and installs all updated software and automatically answers yes to all questions
apt-get dist-upgrade -y installs a new UNIX kernel (when available) and automatically answers yes to all questions
apt-get autoremove -y removes any unused software packages and automatically answers yes to all questions
apt-get autoclean deletes any old software archive files from previous apt-get sessions
apt-get clean deletes any downloaded software archive files from previous apt-get sessions
4. Once the NVR has rebooted re-login via SSH.
5. Install screen for terminal managemement
# apt-get install screen
6. Initiate a screen
7. Download the latest Debian package:
# wget http://dl.ubnt.com/firmwares/unifi-video/3.1.1/unifi-video_3.1.1~Debian7_amd64.deb
*Note, at the time of posting this is the latest version but check the UniFi Video Software page for the latest version.
8. Purge the current AirVision Software
# sudo apt-get remove --purge airvision
# sudo apt-get purge airvision
9. Initiate the new package install:
# dpkg -i unifi-video_3.1.1~Debian7_amd64.deb
10. Once the process completes you can login to your AirVision controller using https://ip-address:7443/
Default installations of Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 do not permit files (e.g. .exe) to be downloaded from untrusted websites. An error will occur similar to "Your current security settings do not allow this file to be downloaded."
By design, Internet Explorer on hardened servers does not permit downloads without modifying the default IE security policy. To modify this (temporarily or permenantly) do as follows:
1. Open Internet Explorer
2. Navigate to the 'Tools' menu (top left, cog)
3. Click 'Internet options'
4. Click the 'Security' tab
5. Click 'Internet' then 'Custom Level'
6. In the settings zone, find the ‘Downloads’ heading.
7. Under 'Downloads' the ‘File Download’ option should be visible to you. Select Disable.
8. Click OK and Exit. Restart Internet Explorer.
You will now be able to download files from untrusted websites. Please note that it is not recommended to leave this setting in place on production servers.
The following outlines some of the more confusing vocabulary pertaining to Primary Rate Interface (PRI) turn-up.
PIC/LPIC - Probably the most confusing acronym out of the bunch. PIC stands for Primary Interexchange Carrier. This is your long distance carrier. This is a code that is kept in a database and when you need to make a long distance call, the telco consults this database to know whose network to send the call along. A great explanation of long distance calls can be found HERE. Conversely, the LPIC is the Local Primary Interexchange Carrier. In other words, they are the company that handles your local calls that aren’t long distance. These two providers can be different, and in many cases they are. In rural areas, the LPIC is the local telco, and the PIC is a larger carrier like AT&T or Verizon. I’ve found that many companies will give you a deal if you specify them for both PIC and LPIC. Most of the time, the PIC/LPIC choice will be whomever is installing the PRI for you, such as AT&T or Cox Communications.
DID – Another one that confuses people. In this case, DID stands for Direct Inward Dial. This is a huge change from the way an analog circuit works. With an analog circuit (like my house), when you call my number it sends an electrical signal along the wire telling the device at the other end to ring. When we hook this circuit up to a CUCM/CCME system, we usually have to configure Private Line Automatic Ringdown (PLAR) in order to be sure something gets trigger when the electrical signal arrives. A PRI doesn’t use electric signals to trigger ringing. Instead, they are configured with two different fields, the Calling Party and the Called Party. In this example, the Calling Party is what is most often referred to as “Caller ID”. The Called Party on a PRI is the DID. This is a number that is delivered to the PRI and sent to the PBX equipment on the other end. The name comes from the fact that these numbers are most often used to directly reach internal extensions without the need to reach a PBX operator or automated attendant. The DID can be configured to ring a phone, a group of phones, or even a recording. The numbers that used to belong to your analog circuits will usually be moved over to a group of DIDs and pointed at the PRI.
Outpulsed Digits - This one sounds straight forward. Digits are being sent somewhere, right? Remember that this worksheet is from the perspective of the service provider, so the outpulsed digits are what the provider is sending to your equipment. You have tons of options, but most providers will usually limit your options to 4, 7, or 10 digits.
As a service to others and a reminder to myself I am going to use this post to document various hacks and tricks I have discovered with the 2014 Ford Ranger Wildtrak 3.2. Most if not all of these tricks will work on other Ford Ranger models and on some Ford vehicles.
1. Follow Me Home Lights
When you exit your vehicle and don't want the "follow me home" safety lights or parking lights on, simply flash the head light flasher (left stick) and they will go out. You can also use this to turn the light on and off when the engine is turned off.
2. Roller Shutter (Wildtrak Only)
If you want to open the roller shutter a quarter-way (rather than fully), when you open the shutter grab the return strap and pull it to the left. This resets the latch mechanism and the shutter will stop at the first latching point. If you want to open the roller shutter completely pull the strap to the right and the latching mechanism will release.
3. Seatbelt Alarm
A seatbelt alarm sounds in the Ranger when the speed exceeds 20 km/hr and the driver or front passanger are not wearing a seat belt. Whilst this is a great safety feature it can also be a great irritation if you are simply moving your card in your drive way. To disable the seatbelt alarm completely:
a. Turn key to ignition or start car,
b. Wait for seatbelt indicator light to go out on the dash,
c. Plug in and unplug seatbelt 4 times within 10 seconds, the seatbelt warning light will flash for a few seconds,
d. Once the seatbelt warning light stops flashing then the seatbelt alarm will be disabled for that seat. Repeat for any other seat/s in the vehicle as needed.
4. Window Reset
If you experience issues with your windows auto up/auto down after having had the battery disconnected:
a. Run window all the way up & release the switch,
b. Push switch up for another 5 sec or so, you will hear a click,
c. Run window all the way down and repeat the release, reapply, hold on sequence,
d. Window should now work with auto up and down.
5. Headlight Auto Mode Auto Off / Parker Lights Off
In headlight auto mode, if you want your headlights to switch of immediately when locking your ranger dip your high beam stalk once.
To turn of your parker lights off when door/doors left open dip your high beam stalk twice, this will lessen your chances of a flat battery.